Specialist doctor For the purpose of this guideline, specialization refers to postgraduate clinical training and specialization in obstetrics and gynaecology.
Gynaecologist, obstetrician Non-specialist doctor For the purpose of this guideline, this refers to a medical doctor who holds a university-level degree in basic medical education with or without further training in general practice or family medicine, but not in obstetrics and gynaecology. Family doctor, general practitioner, medical doctor Advanced associate and associate clinician For the purpose of this guideline, this refers to a professional clinician with basic competencies to diagnose and manage common medical and surgical conditions and also to perform some types of surgery. Training can vary by country, but generally requires 3–4 years post-secondary education in an established higher education institution. The clinician is registered and his or her practice is regulated by a national or subnational regulatory authority. Assistant medical officer, clinical officer, medical licentiate practitioner, health officer, physician assistant, surgical technician, nonphysician clinician, medical assistant, nurse practitioner Midwife For the purpose of this guideline, this refers to a person who has been registered by a state midwifery or similar regulatory authority and has been trained in the essential competencies for midwifery practice. Training typically lasts 3 or more years in nursing or midwifery school and leads to a university degree or the equivalent. A registered midwife has the full range of midwifery skills. Registered midwife, midwife, community midwife, nurse-midwife Nurse For the purpose of this guideline, this refers to a person who has been legally authorized (registered) to practice after examination by a state board of nurse examiners or similar regulatory authority. Education includes 3 or more years in nursing school, and leads to a university or postgraduate university degree or the equivalent. Registered nurse, clinical nurse specialist, licensed nurse, BSc nurse Auxiliary nurse midwife and auxiliary nurse For the purpose of this guideline, an auxiliary nurse is someone trained in basic nursing skills but not in nursing decisionmaking. An auxiliary nurse midwife has basic nursing skills and some midwifery competencies but is not fully qualified as a midwife. The level of training may vary from a few months to 2–3 years. A period of on-the-job training may be included, and sometimes formalized in apprenticeships. Auxiliary midwife, auxiliary nurse, ANMs, family welfare visitor