The study used interviews and focus groups to gather narratives from the study group, a selected sample of female academic staff at a University in Saudi Arabia. These narratives were then analysed and interpreted, to look for patterns, key words and meaning in context. The patterns being looked for were possible low levels of job satisfaction, potential indicators of having had less career success than hoped for, or recalling of incidents of gender-specific treatment, especially where that was unfair or discriminatory. It was predicted that in the interviews, study subjects would speak and answer open-ended questions in a way that would produce narratives. These would form stories about the person’s career, that had meaning to the speaker and which spanned the time period of their whole career. They would also, in response to some questions, recall specific events or sequences of events that had been memorised and were meaningful, and may span shorter periods. Labov described this thus: “Narratives of personal experience normally show great variation in the length of time covered by the clauses in orientation ...ranging from decades to minutes to seconds”. (Labov 1972).
The interviews were conducted around a series of fairly open-ended questions which were based around themes of job satisfaction, defined as “any combination of psychological, physiological, and environmental circumstances that causes a person truthfully to say, ‘I am satisfied with my job’ ” (Hoppeck 1935). The questions explored issues such as equality of pay and conditions, promotion opportunities, recognition and respect for work and access to International opportunities such as speaking at International conferences and symposiums.
The sample group was split into two groups according to age range for a focus group interview on the issues surrounding the development of feminine agency. A focus group is “a technique involving the use of in-depth group interviews in which participants are selected because they are a purposive, although not necessarily representative, sampling of a specific population, this group being ‘focused’ on a given topic”.
Important aspects of women health for the saudi women